WINTER HOUSE PROJECT / SHAWNEE WEEKIWA
Winter House used by several tribal groups within the Mississippian and Ohio Valleys built a stout frame of Cypress or Red cedar beams lashed together with rawhide from Whitetail Deer. Groups may have utilized such structures included Cherokee, Shawnee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, prehistoric Adena and Woodland peoples. The inner wall is woven inside and out with Ash and Sweet-Gum Saplings covered it with a layer 3-4 inches of clay and a thick thatch of long blue stem grass. The winter house was about 24 feet in diameter with a large amount of dirt packed around the base. Native people used their winter homes about five months every year. During their winter months, they took time to make crafts and tools as elders handed down stories. There was also dancing, entertainment and ceremony. It’s been nearly 250 years since homes such as these have been built to the specifications found in archeological evidence and written records. Winter Houses in the early 1700s, studying archeological evidence and historical documents. The Vinyard Indian Settlement / The Trails of Awareness Project and Wildcat Bluff Prairie Farm donated the tools, space, time, staff, volunteers for the House which will be used for workshops and events.